PlantTFDB
Plant Transcription Factor Database
v4.0
Previous version: v3.0
Transcription Factor Information
Basic Information | Signature Domain | Sequence | 
Basic Information? help Back to Top
TF ID AT5G56860.1
Common NameGATA21, GNC, MPI10.2
Organism
Taxonomic ID
Taxonomic Lineage
cellular organisms; Eukaryota; Viridiplantae; Streptophyta; Streptophytina; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta; Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; Mesangiospermae; eudicotyledons; Gunneridae; Pentapetalae; rosids; malvids; Brassicales; Brassicaceae; Camelineae; Arabidopsis
Family GATA
Protein Properties Length: 398aa    MW: 44840 Da    PI: 8.9487
Description GATA family protein
Gene Model
Gene Model ID Type Source Coding Sequence
AT5G56860.1genomeTAIRView CDS
Signature Domain? help Back to Top
Signature Domain
No. Domain Score E-value Start End HMM Start HMM End
1GATA603.1e-19232265134
         GATA   1 CsnCgttkTplWRrgpdgnktLCnaCGlyyrkkg 34 
                  Cs C+ttkTplWR+gp+g+k+LCnaCG+++rk +
  AT5G56860.1 232 CSDCNTTKTPLWRSGPRGPKSLCNACGIRQRKAR 265
                  *******************************987 PP

Protein Features ? help Back to Top
3D Structure
Database Entry ID E-value Start End InterPro ID Description
SMARTSM004011.1E-20226278IPR000679Zinc finger, GATA-type
SuperFamilySSF577167.6E-13226265No hitNo description
PROSITE profilePS5011412.466230262IPR000679Zinc finger, GATA-type
Gene3DG3DSA:3.30.50.102.0E-15230265IPR013088Zinc finger, NHR/GATA-type
CDDcd002021.60E-14231263No hitNo description
PROSITE patternPS003440232257IPR000679Zinc finger, GATA-type
PfamPF003205.9E-17232265IPR000679Zinc finger, GATA-type
Gene Ontology ? help Back to Top
GO Term GO Category GO Description
GO:0006355Biological Processregulation of transcription, DNA-templated
GO:0007623Biological Processcircadian rhythm
GO:0009416Biological Processresponse to light stimulus
GO:0009740Biological Processgibberellic acid mediated signaling pathway
GO:0009910Biological Processnegative regulation of flower development
GO:0010187Biological Processnegative regulation of seed germination
GO:0010255Biological Processglucose mediated signaling pathway
GO:0010380Biological Processregulation of chlorophyll biosynthetic process
GO:0030154Biological Processcell differentiation
GO:0045944Biological Processpositive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter
GO:0005634Cellular Componentnucleus
GO:0005667Cellular Componenttranscription factor complex
GO:0000977Molecular FunctionRNA polymerase II regulatory region sequence-specific DNA binding
GO:0001085Molecular FunctionRNA polymerase II transcription factor binding
GO:0001228Molecular Functiontranscriptional activator activity, RNA polymerase II transcription regulatory region sequence-specific binding
GO:0003682Molecular Functionchromatin binding
GO:0005515Molecular Functionprotein binding
GO:0008270Molecular Functionzinc ion binding
GO:0044212Molecular Functiontranscription regulatory region DNA binding
Plant Ontology ? help Back to Top
PO Term PO Category PO Description
PO:0000013anatomycauline leaf
PO:0000037anatomyshoot apex
PO:0000230anatomyinflorescence meristem
PO:0000293anatomyguard cell
PO:0006340anatomyadult vascular leaf
PO:0008019anatomyleaf lamina base
PO:0009006anatomyshoot system
PO:0009009anatomyplant embryo
PO:0009025anatomyvascular leaf
PO:0009029anatomystamen
PO:0009031anatomysepal
PO:0009032anatomypetal
PO:0009046anatomyflower
PO:0009047anatomystem
PO:0009049anatomyinflorescence
PO:0020030anatomycotyledon
PO:0020038anatomypetiole
PO:0020137anatomyleaf apex
PO:0025022anatomycollective leaf structure
PO:0001054developmental stagevascular leaf senescent stage
PO:0001185developmental stageplant embryo globular stage
PO:0004507developmental stageplant embryo bilateral stage
PO:0007064developmental stageLP.12 twelve leaves visible stage
PO:0007095developmental stageLP.08 eight leaves visible stage
PO:0007098developmental stageLP.02 two leaves visible stage
PO:0007103developmental stageLP.10 ten leaves visible stage
PO:0007115developmental stageLP.04 four leaves visible stage
PO:0007123developmental stageLP.06 six leaves visible stage
PO:0007131developmental stageseedling development stage
PO:0007611developmental stagepetal differentiation and expansion stage
PO:0007616developmental stageflowering stage
Sequence ? help Back to Top
Protein Sequence    Length: 398 aa     Download sequence    Send to blast
MDSNFHYSID LNEDQNHHEQ PFFYPLGSSS SLHHHHHHHH HQVPSNSSSS SSSISSLSSY  60
LPFLINSQED QHVAYNNTYH ADHLHLSQPL KAKMFVANGG SSACDHMVPK KETRLKLTIR  120
KKDHEDQPHP LHQNPTKPDS DSDKWLMSPK MRLIKKTITN NKQLIDQTNN NNHKESDHYP  180
LNHKTNFDED HHEDLNFKNV LTRKTTAATT ENRYNTINEN GYSNNNGVIR VCSDCNTTKT  240
PLWRSGPRGP KSLCNACGIR QRKARRAAMA AAAAAGDQEV AVAPRVQQLP LKKKLQNKKK  300
RSNGGEKYNH SPPMVAKAKK CKIKEEEEKE MEAETVAGDS EISKSTTSSN SSISSNKFCF  360
DDLTIMLSKS SAYQQVFPQD EKEAAVLLMA LSYGMVHG
Expression -- Microarray ? help Back to Top
Source ID E-value
GEO306967950.0
Genevisible247980_at0.0
Expression AtlasAT5G56860-
AtGenExpressAT5G56860-
ATTED-IIAT5G56860-
Functional Description ? help Back to Top
Source Description
TAIREncodes a member of the GATA factor family of zinc finger transcription factors.
UniProtTranscriptional regulator that specifically binds 5'-GATA-3' or 5'-GAT-3' motifs within gene promoters. {ECO:0000250}.
Function -- GeneRIF ? help Back to Top
  1. GNC and CGA1 regulate chlorophyll production, and positively regulate chloroplast growth in the hypocotyl. GNC overexpression promotes chloroplast biogenesis in the root.
    [PMID: 22811435]
  2. a cross-repressive interaction of GNC and GNL on the one side and SOC1 on the other in the control of flowering time, greening, and cold tolerance
    [PMID: 23739688]
  3. Data indicate that CARBON-METABOLISM INVOLVED (GNC) and GNC-LIKE (GNL)/CYTOKININ-RESPONSIVE GATA FACTOR1 (CGA1) expression is repressed by AUXIN RESPONSE FACTO ARF2 and ARF7.
    [PMID: 23878229]
Cis-element ? help Back to Top
SourceLink
PlantRegMapAT5G56860.1
Regulation -- PlantRegMap ? help Back to Top
Source Upstream Regulator Target Gene
PlantRegMapRetrieveRetrieve
Regulation -- ATRM (Manually Curated Upstream Regulators) ? help Back to Top
Source Upstream Regulator (A: Activate/R: Repress)
ATRM AT3G54340 (R), AT5G20240 (R)
Regulation -- ATRM (Manually Curated Target Genes) ? help Back to Top
Source Target Gene (A: Activate/R: Repress)
ATRM AT1G57990(A), AT2G15890(R), AT2G29350(A), AT4G29130(R), AT4G30270(A), AT4G35770(A), AT5G26340(A/R)
Interaction ? help Back to Top
Source Intact With
IntActSearch Q5HZ36
Phenotype -- Mutation ? help Back to Top
Source ID
T-DNA ExpressAT5G56860
Annotation -- Nucleotide ? help Back to Top
Source Hit ID E-value Description
GenBankBT0259700.0BT025970.1 Arabidopsis thaliana At5g56860 mRNA, complete cds.
Annotation -- Protein ? help Back to Top
Source Hit ID E-value Description
RefseqNP_200497.10.0GATA transcription factor 21
SwissprotQ5HZ360.0GAT21_ARATH; GATA transcription factor 21
TrEMBLQ1EBW40.0Q1EBW4_ARATH; At5g56860
STRINGAT5G56860.10.0(Arabidopsis thaliana)
Orthologous Group ? help Back to Top
LineageOrthologous Group IDTaxa NumberGene Number
MalvidsOGEM21092675
Representative plantOGRP6817287
Publications ? help Back to Top
  1. Riechmann JL, et al.
    Arabidopsis transcription factors: genome-wide comparative analysis among eukaryotes.
    Science, 2000. 290(5499): p. 2105-10
    [PMID:11118137]
  2. Jeong MJ,Jeong MJ,Shih MC
    Interaction of a GATA factor with cis-acting elements involved in light regulation of nuclear genes encoding chloroplast glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase in Arabidopsis.
    Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 2003. 300(2): p. 555-62
    [PMID:12504119]
  3. Yamada K, et al.
    Empirical analysis of transcriptional activity in the Arabidopsis genome.
    Science, 2003. 302(5646): p. 842-6
    [PMID:14593172]
  4. Czechowski T,Bari RP,Stitt M,Scheible WR,Udvardi MK
    Real-time RT-PCR profiling of over 1400 Arabidopsis transcription factors: unprecedented sensitivity reveals novel root- and shoot-specific genes.
    Plant J., 2004. 38(2): p. 366-79
    [PMID:15078338]
  5. Reyes JC,Muro-Pastor MI,Florencio FJ
    The GATA family of transcription factors in Arabidopsis and rice.
    Plant Physiol., 2004. 134(4): p. 1718-32
    [PMID:15084732]
  6. S
    ABA activates ADPR cyclase and cADPR induces a subset of ABA-responsive genes in Arabidopsis.
    Plant J., 2004. 38(3): p. 381-95
    [PMID:15086800]
  7. Scheible WR, et al.
    Genome-wide reprogramming of primary and secondary metabolism, protein synthesis, cellular growth processes, and the regulatory infrastructure of Arabidopsis in response to nitrogen.
    Plant Physiol., 2004. 136(1): p. 2483-99
    [PMID:15375205]
  8. Kiba T, et al.
    Combinatorial microarray analysis revealing arabidopsis genes implicated in cytokinin responses through the His->Asp Phosphorelay circuitry.
    Plant Cell Physiol., 2005. 46(2): p. 339-55
    [PMID:15695462]
  9. Bi YM, et al.
    Genetic analysis of Arabidopsis GATA transcription factor gene family reveals a nitrate-inducible member important for chlorophyll synthesis and glucose sensitivity.
    Plant J., 2005. 44(4): p. 680-92
    [PMID:16262716]
  10. Manfield IW,Devlin PF,Jen CH,Westhead DR,Gilmartin PM
    Conservation, convergence, and divergence of light-responsive, circadian-regulated, and tissue-specific expression patterns during evolution of the Arabidopsis GATA gene family.
    Plant Physiol., 2007. 143(2): p. 941-58
    [PMID:17208962]
  11. Sottosanto JB,Saranga Y,Blumwald E
    Impact of AtNHX1, a vacuolar Na+/H+ antiporter, upon gene expression during short- and long-term salt stress in Arabidopsis thaliana.
    BMC Plant Biol., 2007. 7: p. 18
    [PMID:17411438]
  12. Naito T,Kiba T,Koizumi N,Yamashino T,Mizuno T
    Characterization of a unique GATA family gene that responds to both light and cytokinin in Arabidopsis thaliana.
    Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem., 2007. 71(6): p. 1557-60
    [PMID:17587690]
  13. Mara CD,Irish VF
    Two GATA transcription factors are downstream effectors of floral homeotic gene action in Arabidopsis.
    Plant Physiol., 2008. 147(2): p. 707-18
    [PMID:18417639]
  14. Bowen AJ, et al.
    PAH-domain-specific interactions of the Arabidopsis transcription coregulator SIN3-LIKE1 (SNL1) with telomere-binding protein 1 and ALWAYS EARLY2 Myb-DNA binding factors.
    J. Mol. Biol., 2010. 395(5): p. 937-49
    [PMID:19962994]
  15. Richter R,Behringer C,M
    The GATA-type transcription factors GNC and GNL/CGA1 repress gibberellin signaling downstream from DELLA proteins and PHYTOCHROME-INTERACTING FACTORS.
    Genes Dev., 2010. 24(18): p. 2093-104
    [PMID:20844019]
  16. Hudson D, et al.
    GNC and CGA1 modulate chlorophyll biosynthesis and glutamate synthase (GLU1/Fd-GOGAT) expression in Arabidopsis.
    PLoS ONE, 2011. 6(11): p. e26765
    [PMID:22102866]
  17. Chiang YH, et al.
    Functional characterization of the GATA transcription factors GNC and CGA1 reveals their key role in chloroplast development, growth, and division in Arabidopsis.
    Plant Physiol., 2012. 160(1): p. 332-48
    [PMID:22811435]
  18. Zhang X, et al.
    Transcription repressor HANABA TARANU controls flower development by integrating the actions of multiple hormones, floral organ specification genes, and GATA3 family genes in Arabidopsis.
    Plant Cell, 2013. 25(1): p. 83-101
    [PMID:23335616]
  19. Richter R,Bastakis E,Schwechheimer C
    Cross-repressive interactions between SOC1 and the GATAs GNC and GNL/CGA1 in the control of greening, cold tolerance, and flowering time in Arabidopsis.
    Plant Physiol., 2013. 162(4): p. 1992-2004
    [PMID:23739688]
  20. Richter R,Behringer C,Zourelidou M,Schwechheimer C
    Convergence of auxin and gibberellin signaling on the regulation of the GATA transcription factors GNC and GNL in Arabidopsis thaliana.
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2013. 110(32): p. 13192-7
    [PMID:23878229]
  21. Jin J, et al.
    An Arabidopsis Transcriptional Regulatory Map Reveals Distinct Functional and Evolutionary Features of Novel Transcription Factors.
    Mol. Biol. Evol., 2015. 32(7): p. 1767-73
    [PMID:25750178]